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How Cognitive Behaviour Therapy can be used to help someone with Depression.
How important an influence is the family of origin, in the life of the individual and the difficulties which the client presents in therapy?
Stress and Relaxation
Grieving and Bereavement

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How Cognitive Behaviour Therapy can be used to help someone with Depression.

How Cognitive Behaviour Therapy can be used to help someone with Depression. 

This essay provides a definition of depression along with the diagnostic characteristics. There is a discussion on the clinical recommendations for Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) and the efficacy of it. The CBT view of depression is then discussed. This is followed by an insight into the structure of CBT sessions. Finally the essay will look at the major strategies employed by CBT in relation to depression.  

How important an influence is the family of origin, in the life of the individual and the difficulties which the client presents in therapy?

Patrick Kelly BA (Hons.) Counselling & Psychotherapy
Oranmore Counselling Centre
Oranmore
Co. Galway

This essay is mostly based on “Families and how to survive them” by Robin Skynner and John Cleese. The book is in the form of a dialogue between Skynner and Cleese. It outlines a substantial amount of psychodynamic theory on the origin of personality and psychopathology. It also covers the developmental stages of the child, what is required at each stage and what can happen if the needs are not fulfilled.

Stress and Relaxation


In this essay I will be discussing the effects that the Autonomic Nervous System has on various organs in the body. 

First of all let us examine briefly the background to the flight or fight response. We have inherited a set of biochemical systems to deal with stressful and potentially dangerous situations from our ancestors. Chemicals are released to enhance our muscle capacity to respond to a dangerous situation by either fighting or running away. This response was a saviour to our ancestors but because of our developed social mores this ‘emergency response’ is not as useful today.

Grieving and Bereavement

In this essay I will explain the difference between the normal grieving process and pathological grieving or complicated grieving. I will then outline tasks or phases of grieving. By using these tasks one can identify if there is a complication to the normal grieving process, leading to pathological grieving, and I will demonstrate how this applies. 

I am going to start by giving a rather clinical definition of grief: “a complex constellation of psychological, physiological, and behavioural responses that accompany the human awareness of an irrevocable loss…….
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